France and the United States in Western Sahel: Cooperation and Competition in an Interlocking Conflict

Symposium on Development, Extremism, Security and the State in Africa

 Cornell Institute for African Development’s Symposium on

 October 28-29, 2016

Outline:

1. Introduction

Compared to other regions in Africa, particularly southern Africa, the Sahel and West Africa are in a relative situation of instability. Economic and security crises are closely related and reinforce each other. Security is needed for successful development policies and development is needed to ensure peaceable societies. As development itself is a potential source of conflict because it tends to create regional disparities and social inequality, this chapter argues that the way out of the vicious cycle of mutually reinforcing security and economic crises resides in establishing solid vertical and horizontal political structures that can ensure a well-functioning deliberative democracy and focus on the needs of local populations rather than being submissive to geopolitical calculations of foreign entities. 

2. Demographic data

3. Geographical importance

4. Where history and geography meet

5. The Tuaregs

6. Jihadi activities

7. Role and place of France

8. US counterrorism policy

9. The Battle of Horus and Seth

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